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Effects of Crack Cocaine
Effects of Crack Cocaine
Crack cocaine is extremely addictive and the drug effects of crack cocaine are astounding. Read more to learn about the physical and mental effects, as well as the terrible effects crack cocaine has on unborn children and their mothers.
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Crack cocaine shares many of the same effects and dangers as other types of cocaine, plus has several of its own risks due to the way crack is abused and how the body processes it. Crackâ€™s effects can be debilitating or deadly, even the first time crack is used.
Crack cocaine can cause a variety of physical effects when it is used:
When the high from crack cocaine has worn off, other side effects set in, such as:
Those who abuse crack cocaine also suffer from mental and emotional side effects during or after their use of the drug, which may include:
In addition to the effects listed above, in its crack form cocaine also leads to:
Some side effects that occur as an indirect result of using crack cocaine include:
Babies of mothers who use crack also suffer because the drug reaches them through their mother. No amount of cocaine is safe during pregnancy, and the more crack the mother uses the greater the risk to the baby. Some effects that have been observed in babies whose mother used crack while pregnant are:
Some of these problems may be related directly to the motherâ€™s drug use, while others may be tied to the side effects of the motherâ€™s use of crack, like poor nutrition, lack of good health care, exposure to STDs, and abuse of other drugs and alcohol during pregnancy. If the babyâ€™s father used cocaine around the time when the baby was conceived, this may also lead to development problems with the baby. Not all babies born to crack users have clear long-term disabilities, but they begin life at a disadvantage because of their parentâ€™s abuse of crack.
If a babyâ€™s mother is using crack while she is breast feeding the baby, the baby can get crack in his or her system and be affected by the drug as well.
Using crack cocaine during pregnancy is also dangerous for the mother. Using crack increases the risk of miscarriage during the early stages in pregnancy. In later pregnancy, crack cocaine can cause the placenta to separate early, which can cause death of the baby and the mother.
Anyone who is using crack should seek treatment from a medical professional to avoid the serious physical and mental effects of crack cocaine use.
U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Intelligence Center, Crack Cocaine Fast Facts [online]
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, Tips for Teens: The Truth About Cocaine [online]
National Institute on Drug Abuse, Research Report Series: Cocaine Abuse and Addiction [online]
Organization of Teratology Information Specialists, Cocaine and Pregnancy [online]
U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, Get It Straight! Whatâ€™s Up With Cocaine and Crack? [online]
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