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Crack Cocaine Treatment Options
There are many crack cocaine treatment options. Learn how to tell if someone has an addiction to crack cocaine, what treatment options are available for those using crack cocaine, and withdrawal symptoms one experiences when trying to break the addiction.
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People who are addicted to crack cocaine need to get help to overcome their addiction. A variety of treatment options are available to help them.
Crack cocaine addiction is a serious illness. It can involve both a physical dependence on crack and a psychological one. The treatment of crack cocaine addiction requires the addict to overcome their physical and psychological addiction under professional guidance. The best treatment for a person addicted to crack varies by the individualâ€™s personality, situation, and needs.
A person may need treatment for a crack cocaine addiction if he or she:
A person who is addicted to crack cocaine has several treatment options to choose from.
Different treatment programs are right for different people and situations. The best treatment program for an individual can change over the course of his or her recovery. Also, good treatment programs address other problems in the patientâ€™s life, like mental illnesses or sexually transmitted diseases. Many of the above treatment programs can be tailored to the needs of special groups, like mothers, those with mental illnesses, or those in prison.
Cocaine treatment programs involve treatment for symptoms of withdrawal. These symptoms may not be as obvious as withdrawal from some other drugs, but can include:
It is especially important that treatment deals with depression and other mental illnesses and monitors patients for suicidal thoughts or behavior during withdrawal and therapy.
Crack cocaine treatment also involves therapy to help patients avoid using crack again. Some common types of therapy are cognitive-behavioral therapy and the Twelve Step recovery program used by Cocaine Anonymous and some inpatient and outpatient programs. The personality, reasoning skills, and personal beliefs of the patient determine which program he or she will be more comfortable and successful with.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy and similar approaches focus on helping a person change negative ways of thinking and acting. It is good for those with strong abstract reasoning skills. Therapy can take place one on one with a therapist, in group sessions, or both. Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help a person to:
The Twelve Step recovery program used by Cocaine Anonymous focuses on helping individuals through group support. It uses a belief in God or a higher power to help patients recover from crack addiction, but similar programs focus less on the spiritual side of recovery. The Twelve Steps involve:
At this time drugs that could be used to help reduce the effects of crack cocaine or the userâ€™s cravings for crack are still being tested. Such drugs would help people who are addicted to crack cocaine overcome their addiction by reducing their physical dependence on the drug while undergoing other treatment and therapy programs.
National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIDA InfoFacts: Crack and Cocaine [online]
NIDA InfoFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction [online]
Office of National Drug Control Policy, Types of Treatment [online]
Barbara Shine, NIDA Notes, Some Cocaine Abusers Fare Better With Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Others With 12-Step Programs [online]
Cocaine Anonymous World Services [online]
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, Cocaine Withdrawal [online]
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